Journal Articles:

Google Scholar Listing


Hardwick RM, Forrence AD, Krakauer JW, Haith AM (2019). Time-dependent competition between goal-directed and habitual response preparation. Nature Human Behaviour,
  Rajan, VA, Hardwick RM*, and Celnik PA* (2019). Reciprocal Intralimb Transfer of Skilled Isometric Force Production. Journal of Neurophysiology, 112, 60-65.
*Co-principle investigators


Hardwick RM, Forrence AD, Krakauer JW, Haith AM (2018) Time-dependent competition between goal-directed and habitual response selection. Biorxiv, doi:
Hardwick RM, Caspers S, Eickhoff SB, Swinnen SP. (2018) Neural Correlates of Action: Comparing Meta-Analyses of Imagery, Observation, and Execution. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 94, 31-44.
  Supplementary Materials


Hardwick RM, and Celnik PA (2017). The carrot and the stick seem to enhance motor learning in patients with stroke. JNNP.


Hardwick RM, Rajan VA, Bastian AJ, Krakauer JW, and Celnik PA. (2016) Motor Learning in Stroke: Trained Patients are Not Equal to Untrained Patients with Less Impairment. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 31, 178-189.
  Supplementary Materials
Hartwright CE, Hardwick RM, Apperly IA, and Hansen PC. (2016) Resting State Morphology Predicts the Effect of Theta Burst Stimulation in False Belief Reasoning. Human Brain Mapping, 37, 3502-3514.


Hardwick RM, Lesage E, Eickhoff CR, Clos M, Fox P, and Eickhoff SB (2015). Multimodal connectivity of the motor learning-related dorsal premotor cortex. NeuroImage, 123, 114-128.
  Supplementary Materials


Hardwick RM and Celnik PA (2014). Non-invasive brain stimulation in physical medicine and rehabilitation. Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reviews, 2, 300-309.
Hardwick RM and Celnik PA (2014). Cerebellar direct current stimulation enhances motor learning in older adults. Neurobiology of Aging, 35, 2217-2221
  Supplementary Materials
Hardwick RM, Lesage E and Miall RC (2014). Cerebellar transcranial magnetic stimulation: the role of coil geometry and tissue depth. Brain Stimulation, 7, 643-649.
  Supplementary Materials
Crabtree DC, Chambers ES, Hardwick RM and Blannin AK (2014). Effects of high intensity exercise on neural responses to images of food. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 99, 258-267.


Hardwick RM, Rottschy C, Miall RC, and Eickhoff SB. A quantitative meta analysis and review of motor learning in the human brain. NeuroImage, 67, 283-297.
  Supplementary Materials
  Download the Data
  F1000Prime Recommendation


Hardwick RM, McAllister CJ, Holmes P and Edwards MG (2012). Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation reveals corticospinal inhibition while observing with the intention to imitate. European Journal of Neuroscience, 35, 1475-1480.
  Republished in a special edition on ‘state of the art’ studies using non-invasive brain stimulation
Hardwick RM & Edwards MG (2012). Motor interference and facilitation arising from observed movement kinematics.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 840-847.
Wollenweber FA, Halfter S, Brugman E, Weinberg C, Cieslik EC, Muller VI, Hardwick RM and Eickhoff SB (2012). Subtle cognitive deficits in severe alcohol addicts – do they show a specific profile? Journal of Neuropsychology, DOI: 10.1111/jnp.12001.


Hardwick RM & Edwards MG (2011). Observed reach trajectory influences executed reach kinematics in prehension. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1082-1093.
Loporto M, McAllister C, Williams J, Hardwick R, & Holmes P (2011). Investigating central mechanisms underlying the effects of action observation and imagery through transcranial magnetic stimulation. Journal of Motor Behavior, 43, 361-373.